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Where to site fire extinguishers

Extinguishers should be available for immediate use at all times. Fire extinguishers should normally be permanently mounted on brackets, floor stands or in extinguisher cabinets in conspicuous positions. Siting the extinguishers in conspicuous positions means they can be easily seen by people following an escape route. This could be near to room exits, corridors, stairways, lobbies and landings.

The aim is to encourage people to move towards the exit rather than go further into the building, and into danger, to find an extinguisher. Fire extinguishers are also often located near fire alarm call points so that someone can raise the alarm and then pick up an extinguisher.

Extinguishers provided to deal with fires involving electrical equipment should be sited near to the fire hazard concerned, but not so near as to be inaccessible or to place the operator in undue danger in case of fire. The travel distance should be not more than 10 meters.

Visibility

Fire extinguishers should be clearly visible and predominately red. Where this is not possible, through either position or colour, signs should be used to indicate the location of the fire extinguisher.

Mounting fire extinguishers

Extinguishers should be in a fixed position whether it is mounted on a wall or on a fire extinguisher stand.

Small extinguishers (those weighing up to 4kg) should be mounted with the carrying handle 1.5 meters from the floor. Larger, heavier extinguishers should be mounted with the carrying handle 1 meter from the floor.

It is important that the extinguishers are securely mounted so that they do not become dislodged, fall and injure people.

Brackets

If mounting brackets are used to position fire extinguishers it is important that they:

  • Are suitable for the extinguisher.
  • Fixed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
  • Allow the fire extinguisher to be easily removed in the case of a fire.

Travel Distance

Fire extinguishers should be located near to potential fire hazards, for example server rooms or cooking equipment. It is important not to position the extinguisher so close that it becomes inaccessible in the event of a fire or to places the operator in undue danger in case of fire.

These are the maximum distances that someone should have to travel from the site of any fire to reach an extinguisher.

Class A30 meters
Class B10 meters
Class C30 meters
Class DSeek expert advice
Class F10 meters